Jessore District Information
Jessore /Jashahor is a southwestern district of Bangladesh within the Khulna Division. The district produces a variety of crops year-round and also famous for patali. Date-sugar called patali is made from the sap of locally grown date trees that is cooked, thickened and crystallised are very delicious. Patali is mainly produced in Khajura and also in many such trees in the Keshabpur and Monirampur areas. Jessore district has eight upazilas. They are Abhaynagar, Bagherpara, Chowgacha, Jessore-Sadar, Jhikargacha, Keshobpur, Monirampur and Sharsha.
Area: 2578.20 sq km.
Boundary: The district is bounded by JHENAIDAH and MAGURA districts on the north, SATKHIRA and KHULNA districts on the south, NARAIL and Khulna districts on the east, West Bengal of India on the west.
Annual average temperature: Maximum 37.1°C, minimum 11.2°C; annual rain fall 1537 mm.
Main rivers: BHAIRAB and Mukteshwari.
Boundary: It is bounded by Jhenaidaha and Magura districts on the north, Satkhira and Khulna districts on the south, Narail and Khulna districts on the east, and West Bengal of India on the west. Major rivers that flow through this region are the Bhairab and Kapotakhho.
Annual average temperature: 9~41°C.
Annual rainfall: 1537 mm.
Population: 2,440,693, 51.22% are male and 48.78% are female. 85.5% of the population is Muslims, 14.21% are Hindus and others 0.29%.
Literacy rate: 33.4%. The rate is very warning. 41% of males are literate, 25.1% are females.
Main occupations: Agriculture 39.84%, agricultural labourer 24.13%, commerce 11.99%, service 8.66%.
Main crops: paddy, jute, sugarcane, tuberose, vegetables.
Main fruits: Date, jackfruit, papaya, banana, litchi and coconut.
Main exports: Cotton, jute, leather, jackfruit, banana, comb and date molasses, and vegetables.
Jessore Town: Jessore town stands on the Bhairab and consists of 9 wards and 73 mahalls. Jessore municipality was established in 1864. Jessore has a population almost half of that of the entire districts. The population is 1,178,273, of which 52.97% are male and 47.03% are female.The literacy rate amongst townspeople is 56.57% which is significantly higher than that of the entire district. Jessore District’s administration was established in 1781. The area of the town is 25.72 sq km.
Jessore has important highways for transportation to both Bangladesh and India. Jessore is a junction on the broad gauge network of the Western Bangladesh Railway. The junction has links extended into Indian Territory. The Jessore airport, located near the Jessore city is an airbase for the Bangladesh Air Force. Beside the military service, its runways to some commercial airlines like GMG Airlines, United Airways and Royal Bengal Airlines for domestic flights. Like the other districts, it has communication with the capital city Dhaka by water, bus and train.
Main Educational Institutions:
• Jessore Science and Technology University
• BAF Shaheen College
• Dawood Public School
• Jessore Rifles School
• Jessore Zilla School
• Sacred Heart School
• Hashim pur High School
• The great poet and damatist Michael Madhusudan Datta
• The great philanthropist and educationist Mahendra Lal Bose
• The great actor Dhiraj Bhattacharya
• The Indian noveist Manishankar Mukherjee (Shankar)
Marks of the War of Liberation: This district has 5 Memorial, 1 mass killing siteand 1 memorial preservation centre.
Jessore once belonged to the ancient Janapada kingdom of Samatat Janapada. At the time of the partition of India in 1947, Except for the Bangaon and Gaighata thanas, the entire district became part of East Pakistan. The district was actually partially devided.
The Bengali soldiers stationed at Jessore cantonment fighted against the Pakistan Army in 1971 heroically. On 7 December, 1971, Jessore became the first district of Bangladesh.
Places to see:
• Village Rampur with the Remnants of the Chanchara Rajbari has become a tourist attraction for its island-like look surrounded by two rivers, Jhapa Bayor and Khajura Bayor. The Kapatakkha River flows through the area.
• Village Dhulgram in Abhaynagar Upazila. Once there was a magnificent complex of 17 temples here, but now only one remains standing. Most of the temples were submerged into the Bhairab River. A beautiful terracotta design can be seen all over the temple.
• In Bhatnagar in Abhaynagar, there stand the ruins of an 11 temple complex dedicated to Lord Shiva.
• The ruined Dosh Mahabidya Temple and Jora Shiv Temple at Murali in almost ruined condition.
• Historical building Imam Bara situated at Murolir Mor beside the Dhaka-Khulna Highway. It was built by the great philanthropist Hazi Muhammad Mohsin.
• The Jessore Collectret Building, located in Daratana is one of the oldest buildings in Jessore.
• Sagardari is also the birthplace of the poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt. His large villa consists of a huge garden, a small museum and houses.